Similarly, Block Island Indians ed perhaps 1, to 1, inand by were reduced to fifty-one. And when they came, with thousands of unarmed retainers, Cortes's small army of Spaniards, posted around the square with cannon, armed with crossbows, mounted on horses, massacred them, down to the last man. The pretense is that there really is such a thing as "the United States," subject to occasional conflicts and quarrels, but fundamentally a community of people with common interests.
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They could spin and weave, but they had no horses or work animals. All of this was in sharp contrast to European values as brought over by the first colonists, a society of rich and poor, controlled by priests, by governors, by male he of families. Massacres took place on both sides. We are looking for a FWB situation-someone we can hang woemn with as well as have sex with.
It is as if they, like Columbus, deserve universal acceptance, as if they-the Founding Fathers, Jackson, Lincoln, Wilson, Roosevelt, Kennedy, the leading members of Congress, the famous Justices of the Supreme Court-represent the nation as a whole.
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Among the Arawaks, mass suicides began, with cassava poison. Massacre can accomplish the same end with less risk, and Mason had determined that massacre would be his objective. For a Bsy period in history, there was the glory of a Spanish Empire in the Western Hemisphere.
We have learned to give them exactly the same proportion of attention that teachers and writers often give them in the most respectable of classrooms and textbooks. That quick disposal might be acceptable "Unfortunate, yes, but it had to be done" to the middle and upper classes of the conquering and "advanced" countries.
Columbus, the indians, and human progress
jarried Columbus called them Indians, because he miscalculated the size of the earth. In the book's last paragraph, Morison sums up his view of Columbus: He had his faults and his defects, but wirh were largely the defects of the qualities that made him great-his indomitable will, his superb faith in God and in his own mission as the Christ-bearer to lands beyond the seas, his stubborn persistence despite neglect, poverty and discouragement.
In the yearthey went on a great slave raid, rounded up fifteen hundred Arawak men, women, and children, put them in pens guarded by Spaniards and dogs, then picked the five hundred best specimens to load onto ships.
Hunting was done together, and the catch was divided among the members of the village. In return for bringing back gold and spices, they promised Columbus 10 percent of the profits, governorship over new-found lands, and womne fame that would go with a new title: Admiral of the Ocean Sea.
They were taught equality in status and the sharing of possessions. They prize bird feathers of various colors, be made of fishbones, and green and white stones with which they adorn their ears and lips, but they put no eSarch on gold and other precious things. But he does something else-he mentions the truth quickly and Searfh on to other things more important to him. On Haiti, they found that the sailors left behind at Fort Navidad had been killed in a battle with mfetings Indians, after they had roamed the island in gangs looking for gold, taking women and children as slaves for sex and labor.
They lack all manner of commerce, neither buying nor selling, and rely exclusively on their natural environment for maintenance.
Outright lying occasional quiet omission takes the risk of discovery which, when made, might arouse the reader to rebel against the writer. Responding to the different environments of soil and climate, they developed hundreds of different tribal cultures, perhaps two thousand different languages.
A report of the year shows none of the original Arawaks or their descendants left on the island. And they seemed to want also to establish their rule firmly over Connecticut settlers in that area.
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Las Casas tells how the Spaniards "grew more conceited every day" and after a while refused to walk any distance. The rest arrived alive in Womeen and were put up for sale by the archdeacon of the town, who reported that, although the slaves were "naked as the day they were born," they showed "no more embarrassment than animals. We like to fish, camp, hike, and sometimes just veg in front of the TV.
Indians found without a copper token had their hands cut off and bled to death. My argument cannot be against selection, simplification, emphasis, which are inevitable for both cartographers and historians. But he was lucky. Behind the English invasion of North America, behind their massacre of Indians, their deception, their brutality, was that special powerful drive born in civilizations based on private property.
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Secure couple who like to have fun with friends in and out of the bedroom. They perfected the art of agriculture, and figured out how to grow maize cornwhich cannot grow by itself and must be planted, cultivated, fertilized, harvested, husked, shelled. As Governor Winthrop wrote: They meetinhs commission to put to death the men of Block Island, but to spare the women and children, and to bring them away, and to take possession of the island; and from thence to go to the Pequods to demand the murderers of Captain Stone and other English, and one thousand fathom of wampum for damages, etc.
But ultimately, it was back to annihilation.
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In Peru, that other Spanish conquistador Pizarro, used the same wonen, and for the same reasons- the frenzy in the early capitalist states of Europe for gold, for slaves, for products of the soil, to pay the bondholders and stockholders of the expeditions, to finance the monarchical bureaucracies rising in Western Europe, to spur the growth of the new money economy rising out of feudalism, to Bah in what Karl Marx would later call "the primitive accumulation of capital.
When the Spaniards took prisoners they hanged them or burned them to death. Samuel Eliot Morison, the Harvard historian, was the most distinguished writer on Columbus, the author of a multivolume biography, and was himself a sailor who retraced Columbus's route across the Atlantic.